Your roses are calling - KNOE 8 News; KNOE-TV; KNOE.com |

Your roses are calling

Posted: Updated:

MONROE, La., (KNOE 8 News) - Early February is an excellent time to cut back roses growing in your landscape. Hybrid tea and grandiflora roses, in particular, should be pruned around this time every year. Otherwise, these roses tend to become leggy, less vigorous and unattractive and do not bloom as well.

Other types of roses – such as floribunda, polyantha, landscape and repeat-blooming old garden roses – generally require less drastic pruning but still benefit from pruning to improve their shape or control their size when necessary.

If you have purchased or intend to purchase new rose bushes, you don't have to worry about pruning them. Newly purchased roses have already been pruned, and no further pruning is required.

When you prune, use sharp bypass-type hand pruners that make clean cuts and minimize damage to the stems. I always wear a sturdy pair of leather gloves and long sleeves because no matter how careful you are, thorny roses can painfully puncture or scratch your hands and arms. If you need to cut canes larger than one-half inch in diameter, use loppers.

Pruning hybrid tea and grandiflora roses

When pruning hybrid tea and grandiflora roses, first prune out all diseased or dead canes, cutting them back to their point of origin. Weak, spindly canes the diameter of a pencil or less should also be removed the same way. A good rose bush should have four to eight strong, healthy canes the diameter of your finger or larger after this first step.

The next step is to cut back the remaining canes to about 18 to 24 inches from ground level. When you prune back a cane, make the cut about one-quarter inch above a dormant bud or newly sprouted side shoot. Try to cut back to buds that face outward, away from the center of the bush. The new shoot produced by the bud will grow outward, opening up the bush for light, air and orderly growth. This may seem picky, but this really does make a difference.

Pruning other types of roses

Everblooming old garden roses, floribunda roses, polyantha roses and landscape roses also are pruned in late January or early February. These roses, in general, have more pleasing shapes without severe pruning. They are only lightly shaped under most circumstances, unless there is a need to control their size.

If you need to control the size, first cut back especially tall, vigorous canes to about half the height of the rest of the bush. Then cut back or trim less vigorous growth to shape and reduce the overall size of the plant. Don't forget to prune out any dead or badly diseased canes as well.

A simpler method is often used, particularly on the popular Knock Out rose and its many variations. Cut these roses back about one-third in normal circumstances. Where size control is needed – these shrubs can easily reach 6 feet tall and wide – cut the bushes back about two-thirds, but don't cut them shorter than 18 inches from the ground.

Pruning once-blooming roses

Any roses that are not everblooming, including many climbing and rambling roses (such as Lady Banks, Dorothy Perkins, Cherokee and Blaze) and some antique varieties (such as Seven Sisters and Marie Louis), should not be pruned now. These roses produce their flowers in one big gush during late spring and early summer on growth made the previous year, and then they bear few or no flowers the rest of the year. If pruned hard now, they will produce few, if any, flowers. If extensive pruning is necessary, it is best done in midsummer after they have finished flowering.

Pruning climbing roses and ramblers is largely determined by how large you want them to be and what type of structure they are being trained to grow on (fence, arbor, trellis, etc.). Pruning, when done, is more selective and less extensive.

First, prune off any canes that are growing in the wrong way or direction (such as away from the support). This will make it easier to train the remaining canes onto the support you have provided. Next, thin out the remaining canes, if needed, cutting back the oldest, woodiest canes to within a foot of the ground. Carefully remove them from the remaining growth. Finally, do any other pruning needed to shorten, thin out and shape the climbing rose in order to train it attractively on its support. This can be done now for everblooming climbers, but wait until midsummer after flowering for those that don't repeat bloom.

Many nurseries already have their rose bushes in, and February is a good time to plant. Early planting allows rose bushes to become established before they begin to bloom. This increases the number and quality of flowers, and the bush is better- prepared to deal with summer heat when it arrives in May. Plant roses in a sunny, well-prepared bed that has excellent drainage.

  • Most Popular StoriesMost Popular StoriesMore>>

  • 28 Monroe area businesses cited for selling to minors

    28 Monroe area businesses cited for selling to minors

    Tuesday, July 29 2014 11:51 AM EDT2014-07-29 15:51:09 GMT
    Baton Rouge, La. (KNOE 8 News ATC) - Agents with the Office of Alcohol and Tobacco Control recently conducted compliance checks at 173 businesses in the Monroe and West Monroe areas. During those compliance checks, 28 of the businesses, which consist of area restaurants, bars and convenience stores, were caught selling alcohol and tobacco products to minors.
    Baton Rouge, La. (KNOE 8 News ATC) - Agents with the Office of Alcohol and Tobacco Control recently conducted compliance checks at 173 businesses in the Monroe and West Monroe areas. During those compliance checks, 28 of the businesses, which consist of area restaurants, bars and convenience stores, were caught selling alcohol and tobacco products to minors.
  • Two arrests, officer tazed at Watermelon Festival

    Two arrests, officer tazed at Watermelon Festival

    Monday, July 28 2014 4:41 PM EDT2014-07-28 20:41:59 GMT
    FARMERVILLE, La. (KNOE 8 News UPSO) - Union Parish sheriff’s deputies made at least two arrests over the Watermelon Festival weekend, one that involved a deputy getting tazed.
    FARMERVILLE, La. (KNOE 8 News UPSO) - Union Parish sheriff’s deputies made at least two arrests over the Watermelon Festival weekend, one that involved a deputy getting tazed.
  • Union Parish School District employees get a raise

    Union Parish School District employees get a raise

    Tuesday, July 29 2014 11:17 PM EDT2014-07-30 03:17:56 GMT
    FARMERVILLE, La. (KNOE 8 News) - It's Christmas in July for the Union Parish School Board employees. At this month's school board meeting, the board voted to give every employee a raise. 
    FARMERVILLE, La. (KNOE 8 News) - It's Christmas in July for the Union Parish School Board employees. At this month's school board meeting, the board voted to give every employee a raise. 
  • West Monroe man arrested for meth possession

    West Monroe man arrested for meth possession

    Sunday, July 27 2014 9:09 PM EDT2014-07-28 01:09:38 GMT
    WEST MONROE, La. (KNOE 8 News) - West Monroe Police arrested a man early Sunday morning for possession of drugs.
    WEST MONROE, La. (KNOE 8 News) - West Monroe Police arrested a man early Sunday morning for possession of drugs.
  • McDonald's could lose "franchise" protection

    McDonald's could lose "franchise" protection

    Wednesday, July 30 2014 12:17 PM EDT2014-07-30 16:17:44 GMT
    (AP) - Under pressure from a barrage of lawsuits seeking fair treatment and wages, McDonald's could be on the verge of losing one of its main protections.
    (AP) - Under pressure from a barrage of lawsuits seeking fair treatment and wages, McDonald's could be on the verge of losing one of its main protections.
  • 17 hurt after multi-vehicle Madison Parish wreck

    17 hurt after multi-vehicle Madison Parish wreck

    Tuesday, July 29 2014 3:16 PM EDT2014-07-29 19:16:12 GMT
    DELTA, La. (AP) - A multiple-vehicle accident on the Mississippi River bridge connecting Madison Parish, Louisiana, and Warren County, Mississippi, has sent 17 people to a hospital, most with minor injuries.
    DELTA, La. (AP) - A multiple-vehicle accident on the Mississippi River bridge connecting Madison Parish, Louisiana, and Warren County, Mississippi, has sent 17 people to a hospital, most with minor injuries.
  • Passenger dies on US Airways flight to Phoenix

    Passenger dies on US Airways flight to Phoenix

    Wednesday, July 30 2014 12:18 PM EDT2014-07-30 16:18:01 GMT
    PHOENIX (AP) - Authorities in Phoenix say a passenger has died on a US Airways flight to Phoenix from Honolulu after a suffering an unknown medical emergency.
    PHOENIX (AP) - Authorities in Phoenix say a passenger has died on a US Airways flight to Phoenix from Honolulu after a suffering an unknown medical emergency.
  • Top Ebola doctor dies from the virus

    Top Ebola doctor dies from the virus

    Wednesday, July 30 2014 12:33 PM EDT2014-07-30 16:33:58 GMT
    Patrick Sawyer had one stop to make before heading home to Minnesota to celebrate his daughters' birthdays: a conference in Lagos, Nigeria.
    Patrick Sawyer had one stop to make before heading home to Minnesota to celebrate his daughters' birthdays: a conference in Lagos, Nigeria.
Powered by WorldNow
All content © Copyright 2000 - 2014 WorldNow and KNOE. All Rights Reserved.
For more information on this site, please read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.